Caesalpinia bonduc

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.
  • Synonyms : Caesalpinia crista Thunb., Guilandina bonduc L.
  • Common Name : Kachka, Crested Fever Nut
  • Plant Family : Caesalpiniaceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Aranya Van

About Caesalpinia bonduc Plant :

  • Habit : An extensive climber with branches grey-downy, armed with hooked and straight hard yellow prickles.
  • Leaves :
    • Petiolate, stipulate, stipules a pair of reduced pinnae at the base of the leaf, pinnae 6-8 pairs.
    • Leaflets 6-9 pairs, membranous, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, strongly mucronate, glabrous above, more or less puberscent beneath.
  • Inflorescence : Long peduncled terminal and axillary racemes.
  • Flowers :
    • Pedicellate, pedicels brown-downy, bracts squarrose, linear, acute, fulvous-hairy.
    • Calyx fulvous-hairy, lobes obovate-oblong, obtuse.
    • Petals oblanceolate, yellow.
    • Filaments of the stamens declinate, flattened at the base, clothed with long white silky hairs.
  • Fruit : Pods shortly stalked, oblong, densely armed on the faces with wiry prickles. Seeds 1-2, oblong, lead-coloured.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March - October.
  • Significance : Found in wastelands.