Coccinia grandis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt
  • Synonyms : Coccinia indica Wight & Arn., Bryonia grandis L.
  • Common Name : Tindora, Ivy Gourd
  • Plant Family : Cucurbitaceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 15-17, 19-23, 27, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra, Basan

About Coccinia grandis Plant :

  • Habit : A perennial, dioecious, tuberous rooted, climber with simple tendrils.
  • Leaves : Palmately 5-lobed, base cordate.
  • Inflorescence : Solitary axillary.
  • Flowers :
    • Ebracteate, pedicellate, incomplete, regular, unisexual, pentmerous.
    • Calyx made up of 5 fused sepals, valvate aestivation.
    • Corolla made up of 5 fused petals, campanulate with valvate aestivation.
    • Male flowers - Stamens 5, arranged in three groups, monothecous and extrorse.
    • Gynoecium is absent.
    • Female flowers - Androecium is absent.
    • Gynoecium is tricarpellary, syncarpous, ovary inferior, unilocular, parietal placentation, style short, stigma 3, forked and feathery.
  • Fruits : Pepo ovoid, elongate, scarlet when ripe.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July - September
  • Significance :
    • Common on hedges everywhere.
    • Wild variety is bitter but cultivated variety is sweet and fruits edible as vegetables.
    • The juice of young fruits and roots are used in diabetes.