Cocculus hirsutus

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob.
  • Synonyms : Cocculus villosus DC.
  • Common Name : Vevdi, Vasan vel, Broom Creeper, Ink Berry
  • Plant Family : Menispermaceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 4-6, 9, 12, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21, 25, 28, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Basan

About Cocculus hirsutus Plant :

  • Habit : A straggling scandent twiner, young parts full of long weak hairs (villous) branches marked with grooves or ridges.
  • Leaves : Ovate-oblong, hastate, obtuse or subacute with a sharp short point, subcordate at a base, with soft hairs on both sides, petioles densely hairy.
  • Inflorescence : Small axillary cymose panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Male flowers appear first in small axillary cymose panicles, pedicels slender, bracts minute, hairy.
    • Sepals 6 in 2 series; oblong-ovate, the 3 inner larger.
    • Petals 6, shorter than the sepals, embracing the stamens, thinly membranous, auricled.
    • Stamens 6 embraced by the petals, anthers subglobose, bursting transversely.
    • Female flowers appear late in axillary clusters of 2-3 together.
    • Petals larger than the male flowers, thick and fleshy, divided at the apex into two triangular lobes with swollen bases, claw hairy.
    • Ovaries 3, smooth, stigma tapering, thick and reflexed.
  • Fruits : A drupe, size of a small pea, keeled and transversely wrinkled. Seeds horse-shoe shaped.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : December
  • Significance :
    • Common in hedges everywhere.
    • Leaves and roots used to allay irritation, fever and rheumatism.
    • The juice of leaves taken internally as cure for gonorrhoea.