Gmelina philippensis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Gmelina philippensis Cham.
  • Synonyms : Gmelina hystrix Schult. ex Kurz
  • Common Name : Parrot's Beak, Hedgehog
  • Plant Family : Verbenaceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 27

About Gmelina philippensis Plant :

  • Habit : A large spinous shrubby climber.
  • Leaves : Elliptic, entire, smooth, with scattered round glands beneath.
  • Inflorescence : Pendulous panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellow flower enclosed in large membranous purple-veined bracts.
    • Calyx small, bell-shaped.
    • Corolla tube short, limb much swollen about and curved, bilipped, lobes 4 or more.
    • Stamens 4 or more, didynamous, anthers large, slightly separate.
    • Ovary 4-celled.
  • Fruit : Drupe ovoid, yellow when ripe.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August-December
  • Significance : Very commonly cultivated in the gardens.