Hemidesmus indicus

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br. ex Schult
  • Synonyms : Periploca indica L.
  • Common Name : Indian Sarsaparilla, Anantvel, Uparsal, Usbo, Oosambo, Upalsari
  • Plant Family : Asclepiadaceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Hemidesmus indicus Plant :

  • Habit : A perennial twiner, nodes thickened.
  • Leaves : Opposite, elliptic oblong to linear-lanceolate, variegated with white above.
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers in cymes, bracts ovate, calyx 5-lobed.
    • Corolla rotate, green outside, purple inside, lobes 5, valvate, corona of 5 scales.
    • Stamens 5, filaments distinct, ovary of 2 free carpels.
  • Fruit : Follicles 2, straight.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Most part of the year.
  • Significance :
    • Common everywhere in hedges.
    • The root is sweet, cooling, aphrodisiac, cures leprosy and skin diseases and used as sarsaparilla as a tonic purify blood.