Piper longum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Piper longum L.
  • Common Name : Long Pepper, Indian Long Pepper, Lindi Piper
  • Plant Family : Piperaceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Piper longum Plant :

  • Habit : A perennial slender, aromatic climber, glabrous with branches soft angular and grooved when dry, perennial woody roots, creeping and jointed stems.
  • Leaves :
    • Numerous, broadly ovate or oblong-oval, dark green and shining above, pale and dull beneath. The older leaves are dentate, dark in color and heart shaped.
    • The younger leaf is ovate in shape and contains 5 veins on them.Lower leaves long-petioled, ovate-cordate upper narrower oblong-cordate sessile amplexicaul.
  • Inflorescence : Male spikes 1-3 in. female 0.5-2/3 in.
  • Flowers : Flowers are monoceous and male and female flowers are borne on different plants.
  • Fruits :
    • Fleshy fruits embedded in the spikes, long, attains red color when ripens and on drying becomes black colored.
    • It is one inch in diameter.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : During Monsoon season.
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning.
    • It is also used for enhancing digestion, assimilation and metabolism of the foods we eat.