Piper nigrum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Piper nigrum L.
  • Common Name : Black Pepper, Kala Mari
  • Plant Family : Piperaceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan

About Piper nigrum Plant :

  • Habit : A stout, glabrous climber with stems terete, sparingly rooting, much thickened at the nodes.
  • Leaves : Coriaceous, broadly ovate, acuminate, glabrous, 5-9 nerved, the supra-basal nerves usually alternate, base usually rounded, more or less oblique, petiolate.
  • Inflorescence and Flowers :
    • Flowers in slightly interrupted glabrous spikes of variable length, dioecious or sometimes polygamous, bracts of the female spikes more or less adnate to the rachis, forming a short hemispheric cup beneath the ovary, bracteoles forming a semilunar ridge above the ovary.
    • Stamens 2.
    • Stigmas 2-4.
  • Fruits : Globose, half an inch or less, at first yellow, afterwards becoming red when fully ripe.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : During Monsoon season
  • Significance : Cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning.