Smilax ovalifolia

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. Ex D. Don
  • Synonyms : Smilax zeylanica L., Smilax macrophylla Roxb.
  • Common Name : Kumarika, Ushba
  • Plant Family : Smilacaceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Smilax ovalifolia Plant :

  • Habit : A large, armed, tendril climber.
  • Leaves : Alternate, broadly ovate, acuminate or cuspidate, base rounded, main nerves 5, multicostate convergent with reticulate venation, stipules modified into tendrils.
  • Inflorescence : Many-flowered umbels.
  • Flowers : Bracteates, bracts ovate, unisexual.
  • Male Flowers : Perianth segments 6, linear, stamens 6.
  • Female Flowers : Perianth as in male, ovary superior, stigmas 3, recurved.
  • Fruit : Berry round, red.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August
  • Significance : Cultivated in the gardens.