Centella asiatica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
  • Synonyms : Hydrocotyle asiatica L.
  • Common Name : Brahmi, Indian Pennywort
  • Plant Family : Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
  • According to the Rules of  ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Umbelliferae became Apiaceae. However, the name Umbelliferae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Centella asiatica Plant :

  • Habit : A small creeping herb.
  • Stem : Slender, rooting at nodes, reddish.
  • Leaves : 1-4 from each node, orbicular-reniform, entire or crenate, base cordate, petioles chanelled, stipules adnate to the petiole, forming a sheathing base.
  • Inflorescence : Umbels
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers in fascicled umbels, each umbel with 3-4 flowers, bracts 2 below each umbel.
    • Calyx-teeth 0.Petals 5, imbricate, pink.
    • Stamens 5.
    • Ovary inferior, 2-celled, 1-ovuled, style 2.
  • Fruit : A cremocarp, ovoid with thickened pericarp.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May-November
  • Significance :
    • The dried leaves are used in leprosy and other skin diseases.
    • The leaves are also used in hair oil as cooling agent and sedative to nerves and brain.