Cleome gynandra

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Cleome gynandra L.
  • Synonyms : Gynandropsis pentaphylla (L.) DC., Cleome pentaphylla L.
  • Common Name : Wild Spider Flower, African Spider-Flower, Tanmadi, Sati Talavani
  • Plant Family : Capparaceae or Capparidaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 26
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Sarita Udyan

About Cleome gynandra Plant :

  • Habit : An annual, erect,branched, hairy herb having tap root system.
  • Stem : Erect, well branched, herbaceous.
  • Leaves : 3-5 foliate, petioles long, leaflets sub-sessile, elliptic-obovate, acute, hairy on both sides, margin crenate-dentate.
  • Inflorescence : Corymbose raceme.
  • Flowers :
    • White or pale pink, at first corymbose, elongating into a raceme with bracts which are trifoliate. Sepals 4, lanceolate.
    • Petals 4, on one side, obovate, clawed.
    • Stamens 6, raised on androgynophore purple in colour.
    • Ovary raised on a short gynophore, 1-celled with parietal placenta.
    • Style almost absent.
  • Fruit : A long siliqua. Seeds rough.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July-September
  • Significance : The leaves are applied externally to boils to prevent the formation of pus.