Cyamopsis tetragonoloba

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.
  • Synonyms : Cyamopsis psoralioides (Lam.) DC.
  • Common Name : Gavaar, Guar, Cluster Bean, Calcutta Lucerne
  • Plant Family : Papilionaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Plant :

  • Habit : An annual herb with stem grooved.
  • Leaves : Trifoliate, leaflets elliptic, acute, toothed, hairy.
  • Flowers :
    • Small, purple, bracts persistent.
    • Calyx oblique, teeth triangular.
    • Corolla papilionaceous with standard orbicular, wings oblong, keel erect.
    • Stamens monadelphous, anthers uniform.
    • Ovary sessile, ovules 6-8, style incurved, stigma capitate.
  • Fruit : Pods thick, fleshy, seeds square, compressed.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : November - January
  • Significance : Pods are edible as vegetable and the plant is used as fodder.