Euphorbia thymifolia

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Euphorbia thymifolia L.
  • Synonyms : Euphorbia microphylla Lam.
  • Common Name : Nani-Dudheli
  • Plant Family : Euphorbiaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 15
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Euphorbia thymifolia Plant :

  • Habit : A prostrate or decumbent herb.
  • Stem : Dichotomously branched, pale green or reddish, more or less hairy with branches radially spreading.
  • Leaves : Subsessile, obliquely rounded at base, crenulate along the margins, glabrous above, sparsely pubescent beneath, petiolate, petioles hairy, stipules fimbricate, elongate.
  • Inflorescence : Small, pubescent, greenish-yellow in axillary condensed cymes without a peduncle, glands minute, stipulate, ovate rounded with 2-3 lobular appendage, pedicels hirsute.
  • Fruit :
    • Capsules small, ovoid, pale-brown or straw-coloured obtusely trilobed, pubescent.
    • Seeds reddish-brown, oblong, 4-angled with faint transverse rows.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July - April
  • Significance : The seeds and dried leaves are astringent, laxative, stimulant and given to the children in bowel complaints.