Foeniculum vulgare

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
  • Synonyms : Foeniculum officinale All.
  • Common Name : Fennel, Variyali, Sweet Fennel, Florence Fennel, Saunf
  • Plant Family : Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 27

About Foeniculum vulgare Plant :

  • Habit : A small annual herb.
  • Leaves : Pinnately decompound, finely dissected, ultimate segments linear or filiform, petiolate, petioles broad and amplexicaul.
  • Inflorescence : Compound umbels.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellow-coloured, on short stalks, bracteate, bracts very small.
    • Calyx teeth 0, petals 5, broad, emarginate.
    • Stamens 5, epigynous, ovary inferior, crowned by a disk.
  • Fruit : A cremocarp, oblong, carpophore 2-partite, mericarps, half-terete, ribbed and flattened.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - September
  • Significance : Cultivated everywhere for its fruits, which are used as a condiment and purgative.