Gossypium herbaceum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Gossypium herbaceum L.
  • Common Name : Cotton Plant, Kapas
  • Plant Family : Malvaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 4, 15
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Gossypium herbaceum Plant :

  • Habit : An annual erect hairy, herb.
  • Leaves : Leaves divided to the middle cordate, usually with a gland on the midrib, 3-5-7 lobed, hairy, stipules lanceolate.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellow, axillary. Epicalyx ovate, slightly connate below.
    • Calyx truncate, shorter than epicalyx.
    • Corolla yellow with purple base, petals obovate.
    • Stamens many, monadelphous, staminal tube encloses the ovary and the style, anthers one-celled, reniform, pollen yellow.
    • Gynoecium-carpels 3, syncarpous, placentation axile, style long, stigmas 5.
  • Fruit : Capsules ovoid-globose. Seeds 6-7, ovoid, comose with white hairs all round.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February-March
  • Significance : Cultivated mainly for cotton from the fruits for making cloths.