Hyptis suaveolens

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit
  • Synonyms : Ballota suaveolens L.
  • Common Name : Vilayati-Tulsi
  • Plant Family : Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 21, 29
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan

About Hyptis suaveolens Plant :

  • Habit : An annualerect, profusely branched, sweet-smelling herb.
  • Stem : Stems and branches quadrangular, densely softly hairy, grooved sometimes purplish, internodes 3-7 cm long.
  • Leaves : Petiolate, broadly ovate, acute at apex, cordate or rounded at base, irregularly serrate margins, glabrous thinly minutely hairy above, pubescent, villous or tomentose beneath.
  • Flowers : Blue or bluish-purple, rarely solitary, in axillary and terminal, sometimes 8-15 cm long, lax panicles.
  • Fruit : Nutlets 2, oblong or ovoid, flat, glabrous, blackish-brown, emarginated at apex with a white mark on either side of the pointed base.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : September-April
  • Significance :
    • This plant is considered to be stimulant, carminative, endorific and lactagogue.
    • An infusion of the plant is used in catarrhal conditions, affections of the uterus and parasitical cutaneous diseases.
    • The leaf juice is taken in cases of colic and stomachaches.
    • A decoction of the roots is valued as an appetizer.
    • The root is chewed with betel nuts as a stomachic.