Martynia annua

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Martynia annua L.
  • Synonyms : Martynia diandra Gloxin
  • Common Name : Vinchhi Kanto, Vinchhudo, Devil's Claws
  • Plant Family : Martyniaceae
  • Earlier this plant was placed in Pedaliaceae but as per recent changes it is known to be placed in Martyniaceae by some authors and taxonomists.

  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 2, 4, 10, 26, 27

About Martynia annua Plant :

  • Habit : A branched herb.
  • Stem : Succuent, tomentose-glandular.
  • Leaves :
  • Opposite, subcordate or cordate, distantly dentate with the veins ending in denticles at the margin, glandular, petiole slightly shorter than or as long as the lamina, glandular.
  • Flowers :
    • Showy, lilac, mottled red blue or yellow inside, pedicellate.
    • Sepals 5, free, oblong-lanceolate, unequal, glandular.
    • Corolla gibbous, glandular outside, 5-lobed, the posterior lobe the largest, lobes tinged purple obtuse.
    • Fertile stamens 2, filaments glandular at the base, anthers bilobed, lobes divergent, oblong, adnate when young to the other anther pair, dehiscing longitudinally, staminodes 2, slightly curved.
    • Ovary globose, glabrous, situated on the top of the subglobose disc, style slender, persistent, stigmas 2, sensitive, flat.
  • Fruit : Caspsule, more or less ovoid, 2 valved, with the style splitting into 2 curved, lignified and spiny processes.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - December
  • Significance :
    • The leaves are given in epilepsy applied to the neck.
    • The juice is used as a gargle for sore throat.
    • Roots are boiled in milk and taken as a tonic.
    • Flowers are considered to be good for diabetes.
    • Fruits are pounded and applied on scorpion stings.