Pedalium murex

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Pedalium murex L.
  • Common Name : Mota Gokhru, Ubha Gokhru
  • Plant Family : Pedaliaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 27
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Van Chetana Kendra

About Pedalium murex Plant :

  • Habit : A diffuse annual, much branched herb with roots similar to turmeric in colour.
  • Leaves : Simple, opposite, ovate or oblong-obovate, truncate or obtuse, irregularly and coarsely crenate-serrate, glabrous above, minutely scaly below, petiolate.
  • Flowers :
    • Pedicellate, calyx teeth linear, scaly outside, persistent.
    • Petals connate into a broad tube, lobes obtuse. Stamens included, filaments dilated, glandular hairy at the base, anthers kidney-shaped.
  • Fruit :
    • Indehiscent, abruptly narrowed at the base and with a patent spreading spine at each basal corner of the broader part, spine 2-4 mm long.
    • Sees 2 or 1 per locule, oblong.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : During monsoon season.
  • Significance :
    • An infusion of the plant is given in biles.
    • The plant is considered to be a tonic.
    • It is also given in diabetes.
    • The juice of the fruit is an emmenagogue, used in puerperal diseases and to promote lochial discharges.
    • The leaves are used as curry in splenic enlargement the decoction of the root is antibilious.