Pistia stratiotes

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Pistia stratiotes L.
  • Synonyms : Pistia aegyptiaca Schleid.
  • Common Name : Water Lettuce, Water Soldier, Gondali, Prasni, Jalshankhla, Prashani, Water Cabbage, Nile Cabbage
  • Plant Family : Araceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 15

About Pistia stratiotes Plant :

  • Habit : A small aquatic herb, stemless, with offsets, and tufted white roots.
  • Leaves : Variable in breadth, obovate-cuneate, rounded or retuse at apex, hairy with raphides.
  • Inflorescence : Spadix, adnate to the back of the spathe.
  • Flowers :
    • Spathe small, obliquely campanulate, white, closed below, contracted in the middle, dilated above.
    • Male flowers are in a whorl of few sessile, connate stamens below the apex of the spadix, with a whorl of minute neuters below it.
    • Female flowers are solitary, 1-celled ovary, oblong, 1-celled ovary obliquely adnate to the spadix, style conical, stigma discoid, ovules many on parietal placenta.
  • Fruit : Berry with many seeds.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July - November
  • Significance : Generally used in aquariums.