Ruellia tuberosa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Ruellia tuberosa L.
  • Plant Family : Acanthaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 22, 28, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Ruellia tuberosa Plant :

  • Habit : An erect, perennial herb with a cluster of tuberous roots.
  • Stem : Erect, ascending or diffuse, branched, quadrangular, deeply grooved, pubescent in younger parts, glabrous in older, greenish to dark-purple.
  • Leaves : Obovate-oblong or elliptic-oblong, glabrous, dark-green, sub-acute or rounded at apex, attenuated at base, minutely hairy on both the sides.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary cymes.
  • Flowers :
    • Blue or purplish-blue, pedicellate, greenish to dark-purple, slightly pubescent, grooved.
    • Calyx persistent, pubescent.
    • Corolla slightly pubescent outside.
  • Fruit :
    • Capsules cylindrical, shortly beaked, encircled by persistent sepals, green at first and finely changing to brownish.
    • Seeds many, semicircular, pointed at one end, flat, with hairs which are extremely hygroscopic.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July - May
  • Significance :
    • The herb possesses emetic properties.
    • It is also used for the treatment of stones in the bladder.
    • A decoction of the leaves is given in chronic bronchitis.