Senna uniflora

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Senna uniflora (Mill.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Synonyms : Cassia uniflora Mill.
  • Common Name : One Leaf Senna
  • Plant Family : Caesalpiniaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Senna uniflora Plant :

  • Habit : An annual, woody, erect herbaceous leguminous plant with young branches appressedly hairy and old ones glabrous.
  • Leaves : Pinnately compound, leaflets 3-5 pairs, ovate-lanceolate to oblanceolate, hairy on lower side, stipulate, stipules linear, bristle-like, persistent.
  • Inflorescence : Racemes
  • Flowers :
    • Yellow coloured, bracteates, bracts linear and hairy.
    • Sepals oblong-suborbicular, obtuse, outer hairy and inner side pubescent.
    • Petals yellow coloured, obovate and veined.
    • Stamens 7 fertile and 3 staminodes.
    • Ovary hairy, style pubescent.
  • Fruit : Pods flat, 5-10 seeded, appressedly hairy and pointed at apex, constricted between the seeds.
  • Seeds : Dark brown in colour, rhomboid or subquadrangular, glabrous.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - December