Solanum americanum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Solanum americanum Mill.
  • Synonyms : Solanum nigrum L.
  • Common Name : Black Nightshade, Blackberry Nightshade, NightShade, PoisonBerry, Kangani
  • Plant Family : Solanaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 22, 27, 28, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Solanum americanum Plant :

  • Habit : An annual herb, unarmed, variable in appearance with stem divaricately branched, minutely puberulous or glabrous.
  • Leaves : Lanceolate-ovate or ovate-elliptic, acute or obtuse at the apex, base tapering into the petiole, minutely puberulous on both sides, at length glabrous, petiolate.
  • Inflorescence : Extra-axillary subumbellate cymes.
  • Flowers :
    • Pedicellate, calyx 5 lobed, lobes ovate, obtuse.
    • Corolla white, tube green, limb 5-13 mm in diameter, puberulous outside, lobes oblong, acute, ovary globose, glabrous.
  • Fruit : Globose, deep-red or black when ripe. Seeds spherical, flat, yellowish-brown, glabrous, microscopically rugose.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May - October
  • Significance :
    • Roots are useful in various skin diseases.
    • Juice of the plant is applied on all sorts of swellings.
    • Whole plant is pounded with the leaves of Datura and is tied on the bubonic plague.
    • Fruits are tonic, it has been used as diuretic and diaphoretic for a long time. It is also useful in fevers and diarrhea.
    • Fruit juice is employed in hydrophobia.
    • This plant cures swellings, angina pectoris, cough, piles, and hiccup.
    • It improves voice and cures mental diseases.