Solanum melongena

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Solanum melongena L.
  • Common Name : Brinjal, Ringana
  • Plant Family : Solanaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park

About Solanum melongena Plant :

  • Habit : A perennial herb, prickly with stem terete, prickly, stellate tomentose in younger parts.
  • Leaves : Ovate or ovate-oblong, irregularly lobed, acute at the apex, truncate or rounded at the base, stellately tomentose on both sides, prickly along the nerves, petiolate.
  • Inflorescence : Extra-axillary 1-flowered or few-flowered.
  • Flowers :
    • Pedicellate, the lowest only perfect nodding.
    • Pedicels stellate tomentose.
    • Calyx campanulate, stellate, tomentose, strongly prickly in the fertile flowers, 5-7 lobed, lobes elliptic, acute, tomentose on the inner surface.
    • Corolla violate, tube green glabrous, 5-7 lobed, midpetaline bands densely white-stellate-tomentose on both sides.
    • Stamens 5-7 equal.
  • Fruit :
    • Fleshy berry, variable in size, suborbicular or obovate or pyriform, shining, cream-coloured or streaked with purple or deep purple uniformly.
    • Seeds very small, pale yellow.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Throughout the year.
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated as vegetable.
    • It improves apetite, aphrodisiac, enriches blood.