Solanum virginianum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Solanum virginianum L.
  • Synonyms : Solanum surattense Burm. f, Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & H. Wendl.
  • Common Name : Bhoy-Ringani, Thorny Nightshade, Yellow Berried Nightshade, Thai Egg Plant
  • Plant Family : Solanaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 4, 5, 9, 10, 25-27, 29, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra

About Solanum virginianum Plant :

  • Habit : A very prickly diffuse bright-green herb, prickles yellow, sharp, straight, compressed.
  • Leaves : Ovate or elliptic, acute at the apex, truncate at the base, stellately hairy on both sides, prickly along the nerves, irregularly lobed, petiolate, petioles stellately hairy.
  • Inflorescence : Extra-axillary few-flowered cyme, peduncles prickly.
  • Flowers :
    • Pedicellate, pedicels stellately hairy, prickly.
    • Calyx campanulate, densely hairy, prickly, lobes ovate-oblong.
    • Corolla purple, lobes triangular, hairy outside.
  • Fruit : Globose, yellow. Seeds subreniform, minutely foveolate.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May - November
  • Significance :
    • Whole plant is ground and boiled in milk and ghee and is used against chest diseases.
    • Fruits are useful for toothache.
    • Roots are reported to be apetiser. It cures cough, rheumatism, fevers, asthma, bronchitis and colds.
    • Fruit cures leucoderma, cough and rheumatism.