Stachytarpheta indica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Stachytarpheta indica (L.) Vahl.
  • Synonyms : Verbena indica L.
  • Common Name : Indian Snakeweed, Blue Snakeweed, Nettle-Leaved Vervain
  • Plant Family : Verbenaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Stachytarpheta indica Plant :

  • Habit : An erect annual tall herb, simple or dichotomously branched with stems and branches dark-green, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, young branches nearly quadrangular.
  • Leaves : Ovate or elliptic, membranous darkgreen, glabrous or sparsely hairy, deeply impressed between the nerves , apex obtuse, base decurrent into petiole, margins sharply serrate, petiolate.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal spikes.
  • Flowers :
    • Deep-blue, sessile, glabrous, slender, nearly continuous, rachis dark-green, bracteates, bracts lanceolate, acuminate with a long acumen and scarious margins.
    • Calyx membranous, tubular, glabrous lobes 4, oblique, short, acute.
    • Corolla deep-blue, glabrous, tube curved, hairy inside, limb as long as tube, 5-lobed.
    • Filaments slender, hairy below.
    • Ovary styles glabrous.
  • Fruit : Capsules oblong or pear-shaped, ribbed, glabrous, dark purple, shining, smooth spiculate, splitting into a 2 pyrenes.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - November
  • Significance : Commonly cultivated in the gardens.