Tephrosia villosa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Tephrosia villosa (L.) Pers.
  • Synonyms : Tephrosia hirta (Buch-Ham.) Benth.
  • Common Name : Runchhalo-Sarpankho
  • Plant Family : Papilionaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 10, 17, 22, 25-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Tephrosia villosa Plant :

  • Habit : An erect herb, gregarious with stems and branches densely hairy with white or greyish appressed hairs.
  • Leaves :
    • Imparipinnate, stipulate, stipules lanceolate, strongly nerved, generally deflexed, more or less hairy on the back and edges.
    • Leaflets about 15, pale green, more or less hairy above, more densely so beneath, but not argenteo-canescent, oblanceolate, base cuneate, apex rounded and mucronate, petiole of the leaf beneath the lower pair of leaflets, petiolules of lateral leaflets 1-1.5mm long, of the terminal leaflet 3 mm long.
  • Inflorescence : Racemes
  • Flowers :
    • Showy, deep red, the upper flowers dense, the lower one very lax, bracteate, bracts linear-subulate, plumose, persistent.
    • Calyx very hairy outside, the teeth about three times as long as the calyx, silky on the standard outside.
    • Style glabrous, stigma penicillate.
  • Fruit :
    • Pods up to 3 cm long, 6-8 mm broad, deflexed, falcately curved, velvety all over.
    • Seeds 6-8.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - October
  • Significance : The juice of the leaves is given in dropsy.