Trianthema portulacastrum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Trianthema portulacastrum L.
  • Synonyms : Trianthema monogyna L.
  • Common Name : Satodo, Desert Horse Purslane, Giant Pigweed, Horse-Purslane
  • Plant Family : Aizoaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 10, 22, 26-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Trianthema portulacastrum Plant :

  • Habit : A prostrate, somewhat succulent herb.
  • Leaves : Fleshy, sub-opposite, rather unequal in size, broadly obovate, rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, petioles enlarged at the base to form a pouch in which flowers may be almost completely enclosed.
  • Inflorescence : Solitary axillary.
  • Flowers : Sessile, white or pink in colour, stamens 10-20.
  • Fruits :
    • Truncate, nearly concealed by the petiolar pouch, style one.
    • Seeds 3-5.
  • Flowering and Fruiting time : May - November
  • Significance : The powdered root is employed as a cathartic.