Withania somnifera

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal
  • Synonyms : Physalis somnifera L.
  • Common Name : Ashwagandha, Ghodakun, Asandh, Ghoda-Asun, Winter Cherry
  • Plant Family : Solanaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 15, 17
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Punit Van, Basan

About Withania somnifera Plant :

  • Habit : An erect branched undershrub, covered with stellate ashy-tomentum.
  • Leaves : Ovate or ovate-lanceolate, apex obtuse, base rounded, ashy tomentose on both sides, petiolate.
  • Inflorescence : Umbellate cymes.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellowish-green, about 5 together.
    • Calyx small with 5 deltoid sepals.
    • Corolla valvate, bell-shaped, small, lobes 5.
    • Stamens 5, epipetalous.
    • Ovary 2-celled, stigma bifid.
  • Fruits : Berry red, enclosed in the inflated calyx, seeds yellow discoid, minutely foveolate.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : September - November
  • Significance :
    • Roots are useful in plague.
    • Leaves are applied on wounds.
    • Roots is regarded as tonic, alternative, aphrodisiac and is used in consumption, rheumatism, lumber pains.
    • It is a narcotic.