Cyperus rotundus

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Cyperus rotundus L.
  • Common Name : Common Nut Sedge, Moth
  • Plant Family : Cyperaceae
  • Plant Form : Sedges
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 10, 15, 22, 26
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Basan, Aranya Van

About Cyperus rotundus Plant :

  • Habit : A small herb, stolons elongate, slender, bearing hard, ovoid truncate black, fragrant tubers, roots fibrous.
  • Stem : Sub-solitary, trigonous at the top.
  • Leaves : Shorter or longer than stem with parallel venation, narrowly linear, finely acuminate, flat, 1-nerved.
  • Inflorescence : Simple or compound umbels, rays 2-8, the longest reaching 3 inches long, bearing short spikes of 3-10 slender, spreading, red-brown spikelets.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracts 3, variable in length, the longest reaching 6 inches long, sometimes very short.
    • Spikelets variable in length, linear, subacute, red-brown, 10-50 flowered, compressed, rachis with hyaline wings.
    • Glumes oblong, obtuse, pointed, back reddish-brown, 3-7 nerved, sides, margins and tip hyaline. Stamens 3. Ovary compressed, style short, stigma 2, elongate, much-exserted.
  • Fruits : Nuts, obovoidtrigonous.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August-October
  • Significance :
    • The tubers are used for giving scent and aroma to hair-oil and clothes.
    • As the tubers are aromatic, they are employed in medicine, perfumery and the preparation of incense sticks.
    • The tubers are said to be diaphoretic and astringent and are also used in native medicines for intestinal diseases and irritation of the bowels.