Cyperus squarrosus

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Cyperus squarrosus L.
  • Synonyms : Cyperus aristatus Rottb.
  • Plant Family : Cyperaceae
  • Plant Form : Sedges
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 25, 26
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Cyperus squarrosus Plant :

  • Habit : A small glabrous annual sedge with fibrous roots and tufted stem.
  • Leaves : Shorter than the stem; erect acuminate, flat, 1-nerved, flaccid.
  • Inflorescence : Umbel with 2-5 rays or capitate with numerous spikelets crowded into a globose or oblong head.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteate, bracts 2-5.
    • Spikelets oblong, flat, 6-20 flowered, brownish; rachilla not winged, articulated deciduous. Glumes oblong distichous; keel strong, produced into a recurved beak as long as the limb.
    • Stamens 1; anthers small, oblong.
  • Fruits : Nuts, narrowly obovoid; rounded and apiculate at the apex, tapering towards the base, trigonous, reddish-brown.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - January
  • Significance : Found wildly growing in wet areas.