Barleria cuspidata

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Barleria cuspidata F.Heyne ex Nees
  • Common Name : Pido-Kanta-Shediyo
  • Plant Family : Acanthaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 5, 6, 8, 12, 21, 27, 28, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Barleria cuspidata Plant :

  • Habit : Anerect bushy, 60-75 cm tall spiny branched shrub.
  • Stem : Stems and branches terete or obscurely tetragonous, glabrous.
  • Leaves : Sub-sessile, 3.2-7 by 1.5-3.2cm, lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acute, bristle-tipped, entire, densely lineolate, glabrous, pale beneath, with long divaricate slender spines often reaching 1 in. long in the axils.
  • Inflorescence : Solitary in opposite axils.
  • Flowers :
    • Bright-yellow, culminating into short, terminal spikes, bracteates.
    • Calyx glabrous, somewhat leathery, divided nearly to the base; outer sepals lanceolate from a broad base, long-acuminate,spinous-tipped, parallel-nerved inside, lateral sepals linear-lanceolate, acute, half in. long.
    • Corolla yellow, somewhat bilipped; upper lip of 4 obovate acute lobes; the lower lip rather shorter than the upper, obovate, acute, entire.
    • Fertile stamens exerted beyond the corolla-tube; filaments flattened, those of the staminodes very short.
  • Fruit : Capsule, 1.2-1.8 cm long, ovoid with a solid beak.
  • Seeds : 2, orbicular, compressed, hairy.
  • Flowering and FruitingTime : August-November.
  • Significance :
    • It is used for various medicinal purposes in ayurvedic medicine.
    • The juice of the leaves is applied to feet to prevent maceration and cracking in the monsoon season.