Barleria lupulina

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Barleria lupulina Lindl.
  • Synonyms : Barleria macrostachya Bojer.
  • Common Name : Hophead, Philippine Violet
  • Plant Family : Acanthaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Barleria lupulina Plant :

  • Habit : A small erect shrub about 2 feet high.
  • Stem : Smooth, hairless having red - brown branches.
  • Leaves : Narrowly obovate, spine - tipped, 3.5 - 9 cm long, 0.8 - 1.2 cm wide.
  • Inflorescence : Spikes
  • Flowers :
    • In a terminal spike with overlapping bracts which are broadly ovate, 15 mm long, green with purple upper half.
    • Flowers possess 3m long corolla tube, opening into 1 cm long petals. Stamens long, filaments 2 cm long; shorter stamens are fertile. Style is 3 cm long and smooth.
  • Fruit : Capsule
  • Seeds : 4
  • Flowering and Fruiting time : December to January
  • Significance : Grown in gardens.