Cajanus cajan

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
  • Synonyms : Cajanus indicus Spreng.
  • Common Name : Tuver, Pigeon Pea, Arhar, Tur
  • Plant Family : Papilionaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Cajanus cajan Plant :

  • Habit : A small, erect shrub.
  • Leaves :
    • Compound, imparipinnate, petiolate, petioles channeled, stipulate, stipules awl-shaped.
    • Leaflets 3, elliptic oblong, resinous-dotted on the lower side, stipules filiform.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary corymbose racemes.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellow coloured, marked with maroon.
    • Calyx campanulate, standard obovate, emarginated, base with 2 auricles.
    • Stamens 10, diadelphous.
    • Ovary subsessile, ovules 3-4, stigma oblique, capitate.
  • Fruit : Pods few seeded, constricted between seeds, hairy, green marked with maroon, seeds biconvex.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : December - January
  • Significance : Cultivated for its seeds which are widely used as pulses.