Grewia villosa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Grewia villosa Willd.
  • The generic name is given in the honour of one of the founders of plant physiology, Nehemiah Grew. The specific name comes from a latin word which means bearing long weak hairs.

  • Common Name : Mallow Raisin, Mallow-Leaved Ross Berry, Round Leaf Grewia
  • Plant Family : Tiliaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Grewia villosa Plant :

  • Habit : A stellately hairy deciduous shrub.
  • Leaves : Simple, dentate margin, valvetely villous beneath, round, opposite.
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers whitish-yellow coloured in leaf-opposed or axillary fascicles, bracteate, bracts elliptic-laceolate, stellate tomentose on both sides.
    • Sepals oblanceoate, villous outside, acute.
    • Petals narrowly obovate, claw minute with indistinct pit, densely ciliate around gland, dull yellow, emarginated to retuse.
    • Stamens 25-30. Ovary globose, densely covered with antrorse hairs, stigma 4-lobed.
  • Fruits : Drupes globose, stellately hairy, orange coloured, 1-2 seeded.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - November
  • Significance :
    • The root is known to be used as a remedy for diarrhoea.
    • The juice of the bark is used in urinary troubles, irritation in the bladder and gonorrhoea.
    • The fruits of the plant are also eaten.