Hamelia patens

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Hamelia patens Jacq.
  • The genus is named after Henry Louis Hamel de Monceau, a prominent French botanist. The latin word patens means spreading and refers to the habit of the species.

  • Synonyms : Hamelia erecta Jacq.
  • Common Name : Fire Bush, Scarlet Bush, Humming Bird Bush
  • Plant Family : Rubiaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 13, 15, 17, 27, 28
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Punit Van, Sarita Udyan, Infocity, Aranya Van

About Hamelia patens Plant :

  • Habit : An ornamental evergreen shrub having branched tap root system.
  • Stem : Woody, solid, aerial, Erect, branched, cylindrical.
  • Leaves : Cauline, whorled, stipulate, petiolate, simple, ovate, entire, acute, unicostate reticulate venation.
  • Inflorescence : Polychasial cyme with each helicoid branch.
  • Flowers :
    • Ebracteate, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, pentamerous, epigynous.
    • Calyx made up of sepals 5, gamosepalous,petaloid, reddish, valvate.
    • Corolla made up of 5 petals, gamopetalous, twisted, large and tubular.
    • Androecium made up of 5 stamens, polyandrous, epipetalous, dithecous, basifixed, introrse.
    • Gynoecium composed of pentacarpellary, syncarpous, inferior pentalocular, axile placentation.
  • Fruit : 5-valved, loculicidal capsule
  • Seeds : Small, endospermic.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : June-September
  • Significance :Cultivated in gardens.