Hibiscus sabdariffa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
  • Hibiscus is actually derived from an ancient Greek word ebiskos which was used by Dioscorides for the marsh mallow.

  • Common Name : Rozelle, Red-Sorrel, Lal-Ambadi
  • Plant Family : Malvaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 13
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Hibiscus sabdariffa Plant :

  • Habit : An annual, erect, purple shrub having branched tap root system.
  • Leaves :
    • 3-5 lobed, lobes lanceolate, mid-lobe longest, serrate, glandular on midrib below, often blotched with purple.
    • Petioles reddish-purple.
  • Inflorescence : Solitary axillary.
  • Flowers :
    • Epicalyx of 10 lanceolate bracts, purple.
    • Calyx fleshy, 3-nerved, purple and together with epicalyx, accrescent in fruit.
    • Corolla purple with dark centre.
  • Fruit : Capsules ovoid, beaked, hairy. Seeds large, black, hairy.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : October-December
  • Significance : A strong fibre is obtained from stem and an agreeable acid jelly is made from the succulent, fleshy calyces.