Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van
About Lantana camara Plant :
Habit : An erect, ornamental, dark green shrub with branched taproot system.
Stem : Herbaceous but woody below, erect, branched, quadrangular, solid, hairy, hairs are very prominent and well developed.
Leaves : Ramal and cauline, simple, exstipulate, opposite decussate, petiolate, ovate, crenate or serrate, acute, unicostate reticulate venation, hairy and green.
Inflorescence : Umbel, or flat-topped compound spike.
Bracteate, bracteolate, sub-sessile or sessile, complete, hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous, odorous, white, pale-purple, yellow or red in colour.
Calyx made up of 5 sepals, gamosepalous, odd sepal posterior, valvate, green.
Corolla made up of 5 petals, gamopetalous, 4 petals are small and placed posterolaterally and one petal is large which is anterior in position, imbricate or quincuncial, white, pale-purple, yellow or red in colour.
Androecium of 4 stamens, polyandrous, epipetalous, didynamous, posterior stamen is genrally absent or very much reduced, dithecous, basifixed and introrse.
Gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous,superior, bilocular, one ovule in each locule, axile placentation; style simple and short, stigma simple.
Fruit : Drupe
Flowering and Fruiting Time : Throughout the year.
Cultivated in gardens as ornamental.
The decoction of the plant is used in tetanus, malaria and rheumatism.