Lantana camara

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Lantana camara L.
  • Common Name : Indradhanu, Lantana
  • Plant Family : Verbenaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 10, 13, 15-18, 22, 26-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Lantana camara Plant :

  • Habit : An erect, ornamental, dark green shrub with branched taproot system.
  • Stem : Herbaceous but woody below, erect, branched, quadrangular, solid, hairy, hairs are very prominent and well developed.
  • Leaves : Ramal and cauline, simple, exstipulate, opposite decussate, petiolate, ovate, crenate or serrate, acute, unicostate reticulate venation, hairy and green.
  • Inflorescence : Umbel, or flat-topped compound spike.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteate, bracteolate, sub-sessile or sessile, complete, hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous, odorous, white, pale-purple, yellow or red in colour.
    • Calyx made up of 5 sepals, gamosepalous, odd sepal posterior, valvate, green.
    • Corolla made up of 5 petals, gamopetalous, 4 petals are small and placed posterolaterally and one petal is large which is anterior in position, imbricate or quincuncial, white, pale-purple, yellow or red in colour.
    • Androecium of 4 stamens, polyandrous, epipetalous, didynamous, posterior stamen is genrally absent or very much reduced, dithecous, basifixed and introrse.                 
    • Gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous,superior, bilocular, one ovule in each locule, axile placentation; style simple and short, stigma simple.
  • Fruit : Drupe
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Throughout the year.
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated in gardens as ornamental.
    • The decoction of the plant is used in tetanus, malaria and rheumatism.