Nerium oleander

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Nerium oleander L.
  • Synonyms : Nerium indicum Mill
  • Common Name : The Oleander, Kanher, Lal Karen
  • Plant Family : Apocynaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4-6, 10, 15, 17, 22, 26-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Aranya Van

About Nerium oleander Plant :

  • Habit : A small shrub with milky juice present.
  • Leaves : Verticillate in 3 or 2 opposite, linear- lanceolate, narrow at both ends.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal panicles of cymes.
  • Flowers :
    • Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate.
    • Bracts small, calyx divided to the base, lobes 5, linear, acute.
    • Corolla campanulate, petals 5, rounded, overlapping, corona of 5 scales present in the throat of the corolla, each scale divides into 2-7 free segments.
    • Stamens 5, included filaments short, anthers connivent into a cone and adherent to the stigma, connective produced into a feathery appendage.
    • Carpels 2, distinct, style long, stigma dumb-bell shaped.
  • Fruit : A pair of follicles, seeds many, comose.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : All the year round.
  • Significance :
    • Commonly grown in the gardens everywhere.
    • The whole plant is extremely poisonous.