Phyllanthus reticulatus

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir
  • Synonyms : Kirganelia reticulata (Poir.) Baill.
  • Common Name : Kamboi, Shinvi, Black-Honey Shrub, Black-Berried Feather Foil
  • Plant Family : Euphorbiaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Phyllanthus reticulatus Plant :

  • Habit : Monoecious glabrous shrubs with bark brownish, smooth, wood reddish inside, stems sarmentose, much-branched, purplish.
  • Leaves : Oblong, elliptic or obovate, acute or obtuse at apex, rounded or tapering at base, entire along the margins glabrous or nearly so, dark-green, at length yellow, petioles terete, hairy, stipules ovate, subacuminate, entire.
  • Flowers : Small, green, axillary, male flowers 2-6 in fascicles, females solitary, pedicels about 5 mm long slender.
  • Fruits :
    • Berries, globose, glabrous, green at first, at length dark-purple supported by persistent calyx of 5-6 sepals which are orbicular or oblong, obtuse, with hyaline margins, alternating with glands of the disk.
    • Seeds 9-15, irregularly trigonous, brown finely granulate.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May - November
  • Significance : The bark is alterative, leaves are diuretic and cooling.