Ricinus communis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Ricinus communis L.
  • Common Name : Erandi, Divelo, Castor-Oil Plant
  • Plant Family : Euphorbiaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 5, 10, 26, 29
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Ricinus communis Plant :

  • Habit : A shrub with straight stem, bark pale-brown, wood white, stems and branches glacous-green or with a purple tinge, terete, glabrous, with scars of fallen leaves.
  • Leaves : Peltate, 5-9 lobed, lobes palmate-partite, acuminate or acute at apex, cordate or subcordate at base, serrate along the margins dark-green above, pale-green and prominently nerved beneath, membranous, glabrous, terete.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal racemes.
  • Flowers : Small, yellow, in terminal racemes, males above, females below.
  • Fruit : 3-lobed, oblong, softly spinous, deep bluish-green, oblong, greyish-brown, motted with white or creamy, with white caruncles.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Almost all the year.
  • Significance :
    • It is cultivated in the fields.
    • It is an important non-irritant purgative, the oil extracted from seeds is used for burning and lubricant.
    • The leaves are used in headache and heat stroke.
    • The seed oil has a very large number of industrial uses. It is also an important export item from India.