Rosa cymosa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Rosa cymosa Tratt
  • Synonyms : Rosa indica L.
  • Common Name : Rose, Gulab
  • Plant Family : Rosaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 15, 16, 18, 22, 24, 26-28, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Rosa cymosa Plant :

  • Habit : A shrub with stem woody, aerial, erect or climbing, branched, solid, prickly and green.
  • Leaves : Cauline and ramal, alternate, stipulate, stipules adnate, compound, unipinnate and imparipinnate, petiolate, ovate serrate, acute, unicostate, reticulate.
  • Inflorescence : Solitary or in terminalpairs or sometimes in clusters.
  • Flowers :
    • Ebracteate, pedicellate, complete, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, epigynous and cyclic.
    • Calyx with sepals 5, gamosepalous, quincuncial, persistent and hairy.
    • Corolla with petals 5 or more, polypetalous, imbricate, rosaceous, variously coloured. Androecium with indefinite stamens, polyandrous, filaments slender and unequal, dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse.
    • Gynoecium with polycarpellary, apocarpous, inferior ovary, enclosed in calyx tube, basal placentation, style short, stigma capitate.
  • Fruit : Etaerio of achenes.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Almost all the year but more during winter season.
  • Significance :
    • It is generally cultivated because of its beautiful flowers.
    • The petals are the sources of rose water, essential oil, pankhuri and gulkand.
    • The essential oil yield by petals are used in perfumery and cosmetics.