Senna occidentalis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
  • Synonyms : Cassia occidentalis L.
  • Common Name : Sundaro, Kasundaro, Kasundari, Vadisunari, Coffee Senna, Coffee Weed
  • Plant Family : Caesalpiniaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4-6, 10-17, 21-23, 27, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Senna occidentalis Plant :

  • Habit : An erect glabrous shrub or undershrub, usually annual.
  • Leaves : Paripinnate, leaflets 3-5 pairs, with a globose sessile gland inserted on the petiole below the leaflets.
  • Inflorescence : Racemes
  • Flowers : Yellow in colour.
  • Fruit :
    • Pods 10-14 cm long, glabrous, sutures very clear, the faces dark brown when ripe, the sutures lighter in colour.
    • Seeds 20-45.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Throughout the year.
  • Significance :
    • All parts of the plant are used for various medicinal purposes.
    • The whole plant is purgative and febrifuge.
    • The leaves are used in skin affections as an external application.
    • The roots are diuretic.