Tephrosia purpurea

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.
  • Common Name : Wild Indigo, Fish Poison, Sarpunkho, Ghodakan
  • Plant Family : Papilionaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 10, 17, 22, 25-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Tephrosia purpurea Plant :

  • Habit : An erect shrub or undershrub, much branched with stems and branches more or less hairy with appressed hairs.
  • Leaves :
    • Stipulate, stipules lanceolate, erect or reflexed, hairy.
    • Leaflets 11-21, often 5-17, oblanceolate or fairly broadly obovate, glabrous above, fairly densely hairy beneath.
  • Inflorescence : Flowers in lax racemes, which are leaf-opposed and lax.
  • Flowers : Calyx 4 mm long, corolla about twice as long as the calyx, deep purple.
  • Fruit : Pods slightly curved, mucronate, finally glabrescent. Seeds 5-6.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : September - October
  • Significance :
    • The plant is given to purify the blood in cases of boils and eruptions etc.
    • In general the plant acts as a tonic and laxative.