Agave americana

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Agave americana L.
  • Common Name : Ketki, Vilayati Kumvar, Century Plant
  • Plant Family : Agavaceae
  • Plant Form : Succulents
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 6, 10, 12, 20 - 23, 25, 27 - 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Agave americana Plant :

  • Habit : A large, perennial herb.
  • Leaves : Radical in a massive rosette, long, broad, thick, heavy, prickly at the margins, sharp - pointed.
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers only once during life, at any time after many years, 3 - 6m tall scape. With large scape, with large bracts, yellowish - green, borne erect on many horizontal branches.
    • Some flowers are modified into flower - bulbils.
    • Perianth funnel - like with short tube, segments 6.
    • stamens 6, filaments exserted, anthers versatile.
    • ovary inferior 3 - celled, ovules many, stigma 3 - lobed.
  • Fruits : Diplotezia oblong.
  • Flowering and Fruiting time : January - June
  • Significance :
    • Fibres are obtained from the leaves.
    • Leaves are used as a fodder during scarcity.