Aloe vera

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
  • Synonyms : Aloe barbadensis Mill., Aloe vulgaris Lam
  • Common Name : Kuwarpathu
  • Plant Family : Liliaceae
  • Plant Form : Succulents
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4 - 6, 10, 12 - 14, 19 - 28, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Basan

About Aloe vera Plant :

  • Habit : Succulent.
  • Stem : Very short on which vase like leaves are arranged in rosette manner.
  • Leaves : Radical, very fleshy, broad at base, narrowed from base to apex, pale green with distant horny prickles on the margins.
  • Inflorescence : Raceme, 15 - 30 cm long, flowers on scape 60 - 90 cm long, simple or branched.
  • Flowers :
    • Small, tubular yellowish orange.
    • Perianthabout an inch or more in length, segment 6, concave.
    • Stamens 6 - filaments slender.Anthers versatile.
    • Ovary superior, 3 - celled, ovules many, styles exerted, stigma small.
  • Fruit : Capsule, 3 - angled.
  • Flowering and Fruiting time : August - December.
  • Significance :
    • Aloes are used as a stomachic and purgative.
    • It is regarded as valuable in the treatment off piles and rectal fissures.
    • The mucilage is cooling and is used for poultice for inflammations.
    • The whole plant is often kept hanging in houses and stables to drive away mosquitoes.