Bryophyllum pinnatum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken.
  • Synonyms : Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb., Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
  • Common Name : Pan-Futi, Life-Plant, Ghamari, Zakhme-Hayat
  • Plant Family : Crassulaceae
  • Plant Form : Succulents
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 14, 16, 18, 21, 23, 24, 27-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Bryophyllum pinnatum Plant :

  • Habit : A succulent herb.
  • Stem : Obtusely 4-angled.
  • Leaves : Variable, decussate, the lower simple, the upper 3-5 or 7-foliate, petiole long, united by a ridge round the stems.Leaflets ovate or elliptic, crenate.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers drooping  with opposite stout branches.
    • Calyx inflated, cylindric, 4-fid, teeth triangular, green striated red.
    • Corolla reddish-purple, swollen at the base, constricted in the middle, with 4 triangular lobes above.
    • Stamens 8, in 2 series, epipetalous, filaments green at the base, pinkish, below the anthers, hastate, black.
    • Hypogynous scales 4, free or connate with the carpels.
    • Carpels 4, narrowed into the long, green styles.
    • Ovules many.
  • Fruits : Follicles 4, enclosed in the papery persistent calyx and corolla.
  • Seeds : Small, oblong-ellipsoid.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : January-February
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated in the gardens.
    • Leaves produce adventitious buds when placed in moist soil.
    • The juice of the leaves is used in diarrhea, dysentery and applied on bruises for its antiseptic and astringent properties.