Cissus quadrangularis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Cissus quadrangularis L.
  • Synonyms : Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall.ex Wight & Arn.
  • Common Name : Hadsankal, Devil's backbone, Veldt Grape
  • Plant Family : Vitaceae
  • Ampelidaceae is the another name sometimes found in the older literature and is treated as the synonym of Vitaceae. However, Vitaceae is the conserved name.

  • Plant Form : Succulents
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 13, 18, 19, 21
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra

About Cissus quadrangularis Plant :

  • Habit : A large succulent.
  • Stem : Long, fleshy, deep green, glabrous, quadrangular, young branches sharply angular or winged, tendrils long, simple.
  • Leaves : Deciduous, ovate or reniform sometimes 3-7 lobed, denticulate, base rounded, stipules ovate.
  • Inflorescence : Umbellate cymes.
  • Flowers : Calyx cup-shaped.Petals 4, ovate-oblong, hooked at apex, disk 4-lobed.Stamens 4, anthers introrse.Ovary bilocular, cells 2-ovuled, style short.
  • Fruit : Berry red, globose, seed solitary.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : June - July
  • Significance :
    • It is cultivated as hedge plant as well as in gardens.
    • The young stems eaten in curries.
    • The juice of the stem is used in scurvy.
    • The pulp of the stems employed on broken and fractured bones and swellings.
    • It is also useful in eye diseases and chronic ulcers.