Acacia auriculiformis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Acacia auriculiformis Benth.
  • Synonyms : Acacia moniliformis Griseb.
  • Common Name : Australian Baval, Australian Acacia, Earleaf Acacia
  • Plant Family : Mimosaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Ayurvedic Udyan, Aranya Van

About Acacia auriculiformis Plant :

  • Habit : A small evergreen tree with drooping branches.
  • Stem : Aerial, erect, cylindrical, branched, solid, bark grey-brown, smooth at first, becoming fissured.
  • Leaves : Bipinnate only in seedlings, leaf-blades wanting in adult leaves, only flattened winged petioles present (Phyllodes), which are coriaceous, obliquely elliptic, pointed at both ends, nerves parallel, slightly curved or sickle-shaped.
  • Inflorescence : Flowers in dense rigid spikes.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellow, fragrant, complete, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite.
    • Calyxcampanulate.
    • Corolla yellow, tubular, insignificant.
    • Androecium consists of many stamens, exerted.
  • Fruits : Lomentum, pods much twisted with wavy margin, at first green, becoming intricately coiled and almost woody when ripe, pods split open on the tree.
  • Seeds : Black, Shining.
  • Flowering and Fruiting time : March to December but more in September to October.
  • Significance : Cultivated in gardens or planted on road sides.