Acacia leucophloea

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd.
  • Synonyms : Mimosa leucophloea Roxb.
  • Common Name : Hermo Baval, White Bark Acacia
  • Plant Family : Mimosaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 26, 27, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Ayurvedic Udyan, Aranya Van

About Acacia leucophloea Plant :

  • Habit : A medium-sized deciduous tree.
  • Stem : Aerial, erect, cylindrical, branched, solid, greyish-white and smooth bark in younger parts and blackish-brown and rough bark excorticating in irregular scales in older (black blotches on bark), 1-4 cm long spines arising from leaf axils, paired, straight, brown or dark red.
  • Leaves : Bipinnate, 2.5-4.5 cm long; pinnae 4-10 pairs, 1.5-2.5 cm long, leaflets 12-30 pairs, 0.2-0.5 cm long, linear, oblong, glabrous.
  • Inflorescence : Flowers in terminal panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Flower heads creamy to pale yellow, complete, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite.
    • Androecium consists of indefinite stamens, exserted.
  • Fruits : Pods 10-17 cm long, 6-8 mm, flat, linear - oblong, slightly curved, yellowish-brown,tomentose.
  • Seeds : 8-12,lodged in separate compartments, spherical, smooth, pale-brown.
  • Flowering and Fruiting time : June - January.
  • Significance :
    • The bark is used as an astringent.
    • The wood is used for fuel.
    • The bark, flowers and pods are used as a black dye.