Annona squamosa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Annona squamosa L.
  • Common Name : Sitaphal, Custard Apple, Sharifa
  • Plant Family : Annonaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 5, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 16, 18-25, 27-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Annona squamosa Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree.
  • Leaves : Simple, alternate, exstipulate, oblanceolate, entire, obtuse.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary, 2 or more flowers arise in axil of leaf.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, trimerous, hypogynous.
    • Calyx made up of 3 sepals, gamosepalous, valvate.
    • Corolla made up of 3 petals, polypetalous, valvate, pale-yellow.
    • Stamens numerous, arranged spirally over a conical receptacle, filaments short, anthers appendaged.
    • Gynoecium polycarpellary, apocarpous, superior, spirally arranged, one ovule in each carpel, basal placentation, style short, stigma tapering and papillose.
  • Fruit : An etaerio of berries.
  • Seeds : Smooth and blackish.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : April-August
  • Significance :
    • Fruit is edible.
    • The bruished leaves are used for destroying worms bred in sores.