Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

(Click image to Enlarge)

Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

«
»
  • Botanical Name : Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lam.
  • Synonyms : Rhizophora gymnorrhiza L.
  • Common Name : Kakra, Burma Mangrove, Black Mangrove
  • Plant Family : Rhizophoraceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Bruguiera gymnorrhiza Plant :

  • Habit : A Big Tree.
  • Roots : Negatively geotropic roots called pneumatophores present.
  • Leaves : Opposite, coriaceous, entire, acute, base cuneate, stipules interpetiolar, caducous.
  • Flowers :
    • Axillary. Calyx campanulate, orange-yellow, ribbed, lobes 10-14, inner surface keeled.
    • Petals 10-14, bilobed, convolute at base, episepalous.Stamens 20-28, 2 opposite each petals, filaments alternately long and short, anthers linear, acute.
    • Ovary inferior.
  • Fruit : Obconic, coriaceous, 1-celled, protruding radicle, fusiform, growing to a foot before falling.
  • Seed : One, pendulous.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : December-May
  • Significance : The bark yields tannin and wood is very hard.